Carl (Karl) Schiedermaier (1835 1895) was a German
composer, and conductor. Little is known about his life
but he was believed to have been a pupil of Ferdinand
David. He became a member of the Leipzig Gewandhaus
Orchestra, and in ca. 1850 moved to Weimar. From 1860
he was a teacher and at the suggestion of a Court
Kapellmeister - whom he had met in 1866 and organised
joint chamber musicand masses. He took up teaching in
Munich and retired in 1894.
The mass (Latin: missa), a form of sacred musical
composition, is a choral composition that sets the
invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy
(principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican
Communion, and Lutheranism) to music. Most masses are
settings of the liturgy in Latin, the liturgical sacred
language of the Catholic Church's Roman liturgy, but
there are a significant number written in the languages
of non-Catholic countries where vernacular worship has
long been the norm. For example, there are many masses
(often called "communion services") written in English
for the Church of England. Musical masses take their
name from the Catholic liturgy called "the mass" as
Masses can be a cappella, that is, without an
independent accompaniment, or they can be accompanied
by instrumental obbligatos up to and including a full
orchestra. Many masses, especially later ones, were
never intended to be performed during the celebration
of an actual mass. The missa tota ("full mass")
consists of a musical setting of the five sections of
the ordinarium as listed below:
I. Kyrie: In the Tridentine Mass, the Kyrie is the
first sung prayer of the mass ordinary. It is usually
(but not always) part of any musical setting of the
II. Gloria: The Gloria is a celebratory passage
praising God the Father and Christ.
III. Credo: The Credo, a setting of the Nicene Creed,
is the longest text of a sung mass.
IV. Sanctus and Benedictus: The Sanctus is a doxology
praising the Trinity.
V. Agnus Dei: The Agnus Dei is a setting of the "Lamb
of God" litany, containing the responses miserere nobis
(have mercy upon us), repeated twice, and dona nobis
pacem (grant us peace) once at the end.
Although originally composed for Choir (SATB) and
orchestra, I created this arrangement of the Missa in C
Major (Opus 1) for Small Orchestra (Bb Trumpets,
Flutes, Oboes, Bb Clarinets, French Horns, Bassoons,
Timpani, Violins, Violas, Cellos & Basses).