Joseph Leopold Eybler (1765 - 1846) was an Austrian
composer known today perhaps more for his friendship
with Mozart than for his own music.
Eybler was born into a musical family. His father was a
teacher, choir director and friend of the Haydn family.
Joseph Eybler studied music with his father before
attending Stephansdom (the cathedral school of St.
Stephen's Boys College) in Vienna. He studied
composition under Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, who
declared him to be the greatest musical genius in
Vienna apart from Mozart. He also received praise from
Haydn who was his friend, distant cousin and
In 1792 he became choir director at the
Karmeliterkirche (Carmelite Church) in Vienna. Two
years later he moved to the Schottenkloster, where he
remained for the next thirty years (1794-1824). Eybler
also held court posts, including that of court
Kapellmeister (chapel master) (182433). The Empress
Marie Therese commissioned many works from him,
including the Requiem in C minor (1803).
The Gradual is a chant or hymn in the liturgical
celebration of the Eucharist for many Christian
denominations. In the Tridentine Mass it was and is
sung after the reading or chanting of the Epistle and
before the Alleluia, or, during penitential seasons,
before the Tract. In the Mass of Paul VI the gradual
corresponds to the Responsorial Psalm. There is the
option to replace this psalm with the gradual, but its
use is extremely rare. It is part of the Proper of the
Although the Gradual: "Non in multitudine est virtus
tua Domine" ("It's not in the multitude is your power,
O Lord") in F Major was composed for Accompainied
Chorus, I created this arrangement for Winds (Flute,
Oboe, Bb Clarinet, French Horn & Bassoon), Strings
(Violins (2), Viola & Cello) & Acoustic Piano.