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Raehs, Morten Morten Raehs
Denmark Denmark
(1702 - 1766)
12 sheet music
12 MP3






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Raehs, Morten: Sonata IX in Bb Major for Flute & Strings

Sonata IX in Bb Major for Flute & Strings
Morten Raehs




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Composer :Morten RaehsRaehs, Morten (1702 - 1766)
Instrumentation :

Flute and String Quartet

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Morten RaehsMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Key :B♭ major
Copyright :Public Domain
Morten Rhs (Rees, Rehs) came from a professional music-making family; his father of the same name was the stadsmusikant or official city musician in Horsens and Aarhus in Jutland.

Morten the younger was born in Horsens in 1702. He undoubtedly received his first musical training from his father, who then ensured that he went abroad to educate himself further. Abroad, he developed the flute-playing that made him a virtuoso on the instrument. In 1726 the son had come home to Aarhus from England and served under his father as a journeyman musician. The elder Rhs therefore applied to the King to transfer his office to young Morten, and was permitted to do so. However, the actual transfer was only formally effected in 1731, when it was stated that Morten Rhs the younger was a good musician who had trained in foreign lands, especially in England. Unfortunately we know no more details of these journeys. The younger Rhs was restless however; in February 1732 he was in England again, more specifically in London. Musical life in the English capital was a match for anywhere else in Europe; there, for example, Rhs could meet composers like Handel, Geminiani and Giovanni Buononcini.

After the death of his father in 1733 the son finally took over the important stadsmusikant post in Aarhus, but was unable to come to terms with this role. He tried to gain the favour of the Royal court, playing for King Christian VI at Frederiksberg Castle and elsewhere. Although the King showed his favour on several occasions, Rhs was not satisfied. He wanted a new permanent post where he could express his musical talent better than in Aarhus. In 1748 he went to the court in Schwerin, where he composed six flute sonatas for Duke Friedrich, but this did not lead to an engagement. Rhs then settled in Copenhagen, and in 1754 he gave up the post in Aarhus completely to a son-in-law. Rhs was comfortable in Copenhagen, where he mingled with the court musicians and was a personal friend of prominent musicians like the stadsmusikant Andreas Berg and the enterprising precentor and composer Johannes Erasmus Iversen. He undoubtedly also knew Scheibe. From the beginning of the 1750s Rhs played without a salary with the Royal Orchestra as its leading flautist. In the concert life of the city too he was a keen participant. Finally in 1765 he was granted a regular salary for his court service, but he died in September 1766. Of Morten Rhs compositions we know fifteen solo sonatas for flute and continuo as well as a single minuet for the same combination, all preserved in manuscript.

Two of these flute sonatas have been recorded in the Royal Library in Copenhagen. The sonatas are in a Late Baroque style characterized by among other things figured bass, Fortspinnung, a rhythmically complex melody part, irregular periodization and a fast harmonic rhythm. The most striking thing about the sonatas, however, is that everything focuses on allowing the soloist to shine as a virtuoso. The flute ranges from d to a, that is the whole compass which Quantz says in 1752 a transverse flute can produce. The flute part makes great demands on the soloist, since it often moves in quick note values while at the same time involving great leaps, constantly shifting rhythms and a profusion of ornaments. Today Rhs music is interesting as an example of the highly virtuosic flute technique which we also know from the flute works of Quantz. Rhs sonatas are a rare example of the notation of Late Baroque ornamentation. This was a court culture which helped historically to forge a path from the Late Baroque over the galante style to Classicism. Rhs undoubtedly wrote these sonatas so he could himself sparkle as a soloist at the courts of Schwerin and Copenhagen. He did not succeed in getting a permanent engagement as a court musician. However, he preferred the uncertain life of a free artist to the routine everyday role of stadsmusikant, where he could not be appreciated for his talents as a flute virtuoso.

Source: DaCapo (https://www.dacapo-records.dk/kunstnere/morten-raehs).

Although originally composed for Flute & Harpsichord, I created this Arrangement of the Sonata IX in Bb Major for Flute & Strings (2 Violins, Viola & Cello).

Download the sheet music here: https://musescore.com/user/13216/scores/5655510
Source / Web :MuseScore
Added by magataganm the 2019-07-26


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Flute
flûte
Flute Arrangements
Sheet music list :
› Élévation from 30 Pièces pour Orgue for Flute & Strings
› "Matribus suis dixerunt" for Woodwind Quintet
› "2 Alma Redemptoris Mater" for Woodwinds & Strings - Woodwinds and String quintet
› "3 Gradualia" for Winds & Strings - Winds & String Orchestra
› "A Christmas Air" for Flutes & Harp - Flute and Harp
› "A Cup of Tea" Reel for Flute - Flute solo
› "A Dieu Celle" for Woodwind Sextet - Wind Sextet
› "A Pretty Maid Milking the Cow" for Flute, Oboe & Harp - Flute, Oboe, Harp
› "A Swiss Melody" for Flute Quartet - Flute Quartet
› "Abendlied" for Woodwind Quartet - Wind quartet




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