Ferdinand Schubert (1794 - 1859) was an Austrian
composer and brother of Franz Schubert. He also
designed the grave stone for the grave of Ludwig van
Beethoven, which is now at Vienna's Central Cemetery.
He was an Austrian teacher, organist and composer. He
is notable for his compositions and for his role in
publishing the complete works of his younger brother
Franz Schubert. He received training in piano and
violin from his father, Franz Theodor Schubert, and his
older brother Ignaz, later from Michael Wood, and
finally from the public teacher of the choir of St.
Anna, Joseph Drechsler. As a boy, Ferdinand played
violin in the Schubert family string quartet, with his
brothers Franz and Ignaz on viola and violin and his
father on cello. Franz Schubert composed many of his
early string quartets for this ensemble.
In 1810, Schubert became organist at the Lichtentaler
Parish and was also assistant teacher at an orphanage
in Vienna. Four years later, in 1816, he was promoted
to full-time teacher at the orphanage. In that year,
Schubert married one of his students, Anna. In 1818,
Franz Schubert composed the German Requiem D621 for
Ferdinand, which Ferdinand would later publish and for
which he would take credit as his own composition.
In 1820, Schubert became a teacher and choirmaster in
Altlerchenfeld. In 1824, he received an appointment as
teacher at the Normal-Hauptschule at St. Anna. After
his first wife had died, Ferdinand married his second
wife, Therese, in 1832. His two marriages produced a
total of 29 children, of whom 12 survived to adulthood.
In 1838, he became an honorary professor of organ at
the Conservatory. Since he was admired in professional
circles for his outstanding work as a school
administrator, he received the post of director of the
normal primary school at St. Anna in 1851.
Ferdinand kept a considerable part of the musical
estate of Franz Schubert. With the exception of certain
operas, masses, and symphonies, he sold the bulk of
Franz Schubert's compositions to Anton Diabelli after
Franz's death in 1828. Diabelli's firm published the
catalog over the course of the next 30 years, even
after Diabelli's death.
Ferdinand also wrote numerous educational journals and
a number of sacred compositions and smaller pieces for
school use. Although he worked hard all his life, his
family lived in poor economic conditions. So his will
called for any work published after his death to be for
the support of his dependents.
The Regina Cæli or Regina Cœli ("Queen of Heaven"), is
an ancient Latin Marian Hymn of the Christian Church.
It is one of the four seasonal Marian antiphons of the
Blessed Virgin Mary, prescribed to be sung or recited
in the Liturgy of the Hours at the conclusion of the
last of the hours to be prayed in common that day,
typically night prayer (Compline or Vespers). The
Regina Caeli is sung or recited in place of the Angelus
during the Easter season, from Holy Saturday through
the Saturday after Pentecost.
Although originally created for accompanied chorus, I
created this arrangement of the "Regina Coeli" for
Small Orchestra: Flutes, Oboes, Bb Clarinets, English
Horns, Bassoon, Bb Trumpets, French Horns, Timpani,
Violins, Violas & Cellos.