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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
6635 sheet music
7263 MP3
1159 MIDI







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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Recitative & Chorale: "Wie schwerlich läßt sich Fleisch und Blut" for Woodwind Quintet

Recitative & Chorale: "Wie schwerlich lt sich Fleisch und Blut" for Woodwind Quintet
BWV 3 No 2
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Woodwind quintet : Flute, Clarinet, Oboe, Horn, Bassoon

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid (Oh God, how much heartache), BWV 3,[a] is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed the chorale cantata in Leipzig for the Second Sunday after Epiphany and first performed it on 14 January 1725. It is based on the hymn published by Martin Moller in 1587.

Bach composed the cantata in his second year as Thomaskantor in Leipzig as part of cantata cycle of chorale cantatas, for the second Sunday after Epiphany. The work is based on a hymn without evident connection to the prescribed readings. It is a meditation on Jesus as a comforter in distress, based on a medieval model. An unknown librettist reworked the ideas of the 18 stanzas in six movements, retaining the words of stanzas 1, 2 and 18 as movements 1, 2 and 6. Similarly, Bach retained the choral melody in three movements, set as a chorale fantasia in the opening chorus with the bass singing the cantus firmus, as a four-part setting with interspersed recitatives in the second movement, and in the closing chorale. He scored the cantata for two oboes d'amore, strings and continuo, with an added trobone to support the bass in the first movement, and a horn to support the soprano in the last movement.

Bach composed the cantata in his second year as Thomaskantor in Leipzig as part of his second annual cycle, planned to consist only of chorale cantatas based on Lutheran hymns. He wrote the cantata for the second Sunday after Epiphany. The prescribed readings for the Sunday were taken from the Epistle to the Romans (we have several gifts Romans 12:616) and from the Gospel of John (the Marriage at Cana John 2:111).

The cantata is a chorale cantata based on the hymn "Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid" in 18 stanzas attributed to Martin Moller (1587). It is a paraphrase of the Latin "Jesu dulcis memoria", a medieval hymn attributed to Bernard of Clairvaux, a meditation on Jesus as a comforter and helper in distress. The unknown librettist retained the words of stanzas 1, 2 and 18 as movements 1, 2 and 6. In movement 2, stanza 2 is expanded by paraphrases of stanzas 35, while movement 3 is a paraphrase of stanza 6; movement 4 incorporates ideas from stanzas 714, and movement 5 relies on stanzas 15 and 16.In movement 2, stanza 2 is expanded by paraphrases of stanzas 35. Movement 3 is a paraphrase of stanza 6. Movement 4 incorporates ideas from stanzas 714. Movement 5 relies on stanzas 15 and 16. The poet did not relate his text to the reading from John 1:2.

Bach structured the cantata in six movements. An opening chorus and a closing chorale frame a sequence of alternating recitatives and arias. The first recitative is unusual: the chorus sings one line of the hymn's four lines, continued each time by a soloist in words of the poet. The last aria is a duet. Bach scored the work for four vocal soloists (soprano (S), alto (A), tenor (T), bass (B)), a four-part choir and a Baroque instrumental ensemble of horn (Co) to double the cantus firmus in the closing chorale, trombone (Tb) to reinforce the bass in the opening chorus, two oboes d'amore (Oa), two violins (Vl), viola (Va), and basso continuo. The autograph score bears the title: "Dominica 2 post Epiphanias / Ach Gott! Wie manches Hertzeleyd. / / 4 Voci. / 2 Hautb: d'Amour / 2 Violini / Viola. / e Continuo / di J. S. Bach", which means "Sunday 2 after Epiphany ... for four voices, 2 oboes d'amore, 2 violins, viola and continuo by J. S. Bach".

Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ach_Gott,_wie_manches_He rzeleid,_BWV_3).

The recitative, "Wie schwerlich lt sich Fleisch und Blut" (How difficult it is for flesh and blood), combines the hymn tune sung by the four-part choir, with interpolated text sung by the soloists in turn. The lines of the hymn are separated by a joyful ostinato motif derived from the chorale tune. The musicologist Julian Mincham writes that the "hybrid recitative provides an excellent example of Bach's experiments of investing long texts with sustained musical interest".

I created this arrangement of the Recitative and Chorale: "Wie schwerlich lt sich Fleisch und Blut" (How difficult it is for flesh and blood) for Woodwind Quintet (Flute, Oboe, Bb Clarinet, French Horn & Bassoon).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid (6 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2016-02-16


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Flute
flûte
Flute Arrangements
Sheet music list :
› "2 Alma Redemptoris Mater" for Woodwinds & Strings - Woodwinds and String quintet
› "3 Gradualia" for Winds & Strings - Winds & String Orchestra
› "A Christmas Air" for Flutes & Harp - Flute and Harp
› "A Cup of Tea" Reel for Flute - Flute solo
› "A Dieu Celle" for Woodwind Sextet - Wind Sextet
› "A Pretty Maid Milking the Cow" for Flute, Oboe & Harp - Flute, Oboe, Harp
› "A Swiss Melody" for Flute Quartet - Flute Quartet
› "Abendlied" for Woodwind Quartet - Wind quartet
› "Ach bleib bei uns, Herr Jesu Christ" for Flute Duet - 2 flutes
› "Ad Te Levavi" for Brass & Strings - Winds & String Orchestra