Jean Hotteterre (died 1720) was a composer and musician
of the Hotteterre family in the court of Louis XIV of
France. He and his brothers Jacques-Martin and Nicolas
made many enhancements to the hautbois, creating an
indoor version similar to the shawm. Jean and Michel
Philidore created the oboe.
"La noce champźtre" (Country Wedding/ Pastoral Hymn) is
a French Sonata and Trio (No. 6) ca. 1700 in 31
movements. This Branle (Branle: Gayment) is movement
XVIII in the suite.
A branle (pronounced bran(ə)l) is a 16th-century
French dance style which moves mainly from side to
side, and is performed by couples in either a line or a
circle. The word is derived from the French verb
branler (to shake), possibly related to brander (to
brandish). In Italy the branle became the brando, and
in Spain the bran (Dolmetsch 1959). Brando alta regina
by Cesare Negri demonstrates how widely the French and
Italian dances had diverged by the beginning of the
17th century. The Branle seems to have travelled to
Scotland and survived for some time as the brail, but
in England it was rarely danced, and of thousands of
lute pieces from England only 18 were called branle,
though one called "courant" is known from continental
sources as a branle.
Although originally written for chamber orchestra, I
created this arrangement for Woodwind Quartet (Flute,
Oboe, Bb Clarinet & Bassoon).