Mikolaj Zielenski (1550 - 1615) was a Polish composer.
Zieleński's only known surviving works are two
1611 liturgical cycles of polychoral works, the
Offertoria/Communes totius anni. These were dedicated
to the Archbishop of Gniezno, Wojciech Baranowski. The
sets consist of large-scale double- and triple-choir
antiphons, as well as some monodic works typical of the
Seconda pratica style of early Monteverdi.
Zieleński's music is the first known Polish music
set in the style of the Baroque..
The Magnificat ("My soul magnifies the Lord") is a
canticle, also known as the Song of Mary, the Canticle
of Mary and, in the Byzantine tradition, the Ode of the
Theotokos. It is traditionally incorporated into the
liturgical services of the Catholic Church (at vespers)
and of the Eastern Orthodox churches (at the morning
services). It is one of the eight most ancient
Christian hymns and perhaps the earliest Marian hymn.
Its name comes from the incipit of the Latin version of
the canticle's text.
The text of the canticle is taken directly from the
Gospel of Luke (1:4655) where it is spoken by Mary
upon the occasion of her Visitation to her cousin
Elizabeth. In the narrative, after Mary greets
Elizabeth, who is pregnant with John the Baptist, the
latter moves within Elizabeth's womb. Elizabeth praises
Mary for her faith (using words partially reflected in
the Hail Mary), and Mary responds with what is now
known as the Magnificat.
Within the whole of Christianity, the Magnificat is
most frequently recited within the Liturgy of the
Hours. In Western Christianity, the Magnificat is most
often sung or recited during the main evening prayer
service: Vespers in the Catholic and Lutheran churches,
and Evening Prayer (or Evensong) in Anglicanism. In
Eastern Christianity, the Magnificat is usually sung at
Sunday Matins. Among Protestant groups, the Magnificat
may also be sung during worship services, especially in
the Advent season during which these verses are
Although originally created for three unaccompanied
mixed choirs (SATB), I created this Interpretation of
the Magnificat ą 12 for Winds (Bb Trumpet, Flugelhorn,
French Horn, Tuba, Flute, Oboe, Bb Clarinet & Bassoon)
& Strings (2 Violins, Viola & Cello).