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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
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Oboe Sheet music Oboe, English Horn, French Horn & Bassoon Johann Sebastian Bach
Bach, Johann Sebastian: Chorale: "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen" for Wind Quartet

Chorale: "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen" for Wind Quartet
BWV 1093
Johann Sebastian Bach

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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Oboe, English Horn, French Horn & Bassoon

Style :


Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
The Neumeister Collection is a compilation of 82 chorale preludes found in a manuscript copy produced by Johann Gottfried Neumeister (1757–1840). When the manuscript was rediscovered at the Yale University in the 1980s it appeared to contain 31 previously unknown early chorale settings by Johann Sebastian Bach, which were added to the BWV catalogue as Nos. 1090–1120 and published in 1985.

Very little is really known of J. S. Bach's life, career, and music before he took up the appointment as chapel organist to the Duke of Weimar in 1708, and so it came as a particularly delightful surprise when it was announced, during the 1985 celebrations of the tricentennial of Bach's birth, that some sixty or so previously unknown Bach organ chorale preludes dating from the composer's pre-Weimar years had been discovered, buried and forgotten, in the depths of an old Yale University manuscript collection. (German organist and musicologist Wilhelm Krumbach and Bach scholar Christoph Wolff, working independently but, as fate would have it, towards a common goal, are responsible for uncovering this Baroque goldmine.) Of these sixty works in this so-called Arnstadt Organ Book (so-called because the pieces are almost certainly the product of J. S. Bach's time as a young organist in the city of Arnstadt, from 1703 to 1707), about thirty-five are part of the so-called Neumeister Collection, a manuscript collection of organ music put together during the late eighteenth century by a man named Johann Gottfried Neumeister that contains, in addition to the J. S. Bach works, many organ pieces composed by two of Bach's ancestors--Johann Christoph and Johann Michael Bach--and a spattering of works from Pachelbel and a few lesser-known North German composers. It is from this rich new vein of Bach music that the prelude on the chorale "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen," now officially given the BWV number 1093, comes.

"Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen" is one of the simpler traditional Lutheran chorales (melody:1640, text:1547), and Bach makes no changes to the cantus firmus' four-phrase structure in crafting the prelude; each of the phrases of the chorale save the final one is of exactly the same length, and none is repeated. Bach in fact provides virtually no ornamentation or elaboration of the tune at all, and the general style of writing is not of the flashy, extremely decorated kind that conventional musicology tends to tell us is Bach's earliest style. The four-voice part writing of "Herzliebster Jesu," a very early work, is certainly compact enough, and although the counterpoint of the inner voices seems at times rather clumsy and the harmonies defined by this loosely-imitative internal counterpoint a little aimless when compared with the composer's later triumphs, the chorale prelude is without a doubt the kind of very high-minded, non-virtuosic work of sacred music that one normally associates with Bach's later years. It may well be that we can see in this style something of Pachelbel's influence on the young composer.

The prelude is notated for manuals only, though at the time of its composition an organist very well might decide to incorporate the pedals into the texture anyway. The first phrase of the chorale tune (which is given exclusively to the uppermost voice, mostly in half notes) starts without any introduction, but upon its conclusion, the other voices continue their contrapuntal spinning for several bars before allowing the top voice to continue with the chorale cantus firmus; the four phrases of the cantus firmus are thus isolated from one another in the manner common to organ preludes of the day. Bach's sole alteration of the actual chorale cantus firmus is to be found in the final, very brief phrase, whose stepwise descending gesture is filled in by chromatic passing notes that receive a very colorful--and not at all "Baroque sounding"--harmonic support by the other three voices before finally settling into the quintessentially Bachian plagal cadence.

Source: AllMusic ( -was-hast-du-verbrochen-i-chorale-prelude-for-organ-neu meister-chorale-no-4-bwv-1093-bc-k164-mc…).

Although originally written for Organ, I created this Arrangement of the "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen" (Ah, Holy Jesus) BWV 1093 for Wind Quartet (Oboe, English Horn, French Horn & Bassoon).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen (2 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2017-11-12

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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
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