Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710 – 1736) was an
Italian composer, violinist and organist born at Iesi,
Pergolesi and studied music there under a local
musician, Francesco Santini. In 1725 he travelled to
Naples where he studied under Gaetano Greco and
Francesco Feo among others. He spent most of his brief
life working for aristocratic patrons like the Colonna
principe di Stigliano, and duca Marzio IV Maddaloni
Stabat Mater is a musical setting of the Stabat Mater
sequence, composed by Giovanni Battista Pergolesi in
1736. Composed in the final weeks of Pergolesi's life,
it is scored for soprano and alto soloists, violin I
and II, viola and basso continuo (cello and organ).
Many pieces which were said to have been composed by
Pergolesi have been misattributed; the Stabat Mater is
definitely by Pergolesi, as a manuscript in his
handwriting has been preserved. The work was composed
for an Neapolitan confraternity, the Confraternitŕ dei
Cavalieri di San Luigi di Palazzo, which had also
commissioned a Stabat Mater from Alessandro Scarlatti.
Pergolesi composed it during his final illness from
tuberculosis in a Franciscan monastery in Pozzuoli,
along with a Salve Regina setting.
"Quando corpus morietur" (Where is the Body) is the 12
movement and is transcribed for Woodwinds (Oboe & Bb
Clarinet) and String Ensemble (Violins (2), Viola,
Cello, Bass & Contrabass.