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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
6836 sheet music
7484 MP3
1314 MIDI


Instrumentations :
PIANO
› Piano solo (1) Original
› Keyboard (piano, harpsichord or organ) (1) Original
ORGAN - ORGAO
› Organ solo (34)
RECORDER
› Recorder SATB (4)
› Recorders ATB and Cello (1)
VIOLIN - FIDDLE
› String Quartet (3)
› String Quintet : 2 Violins, Viola, Cello and Bass (2)
TRUMPET

Arrangers : › Bach, Johann Sebastian Original (2)
› Bizjak, Milko (2)
› Brenner, Jérémie (2)
› COSTA, OLIVIER (1)
› Heidtmann, Klaus (1)
› Magatagan, Mike (43)
› Mendel, Fillipe (1)

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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Prelude: "Ach Gott und Herr" for Oboe & Strings

Prelude: "Ach Gott und Herr" for Oboe & Strings
BWV 714
Johann Sebastian Bach



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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Oboe, Violin, Viola, Cello

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
As organist at Weimar, Johann Sebastian Bach was charged with providing a harmonic underpinning for the singing of Lutheran chorale tunes chosen for each day. Bach wrote out many of these harmonizations, in part as instruction for younger composers (they are still used for this purpose). A derivation of this practice, Bach's conception of the organ chorale, as manifested in the chorale preludes, dates from 1713 -1714, about the time he became familiar with Vivaldi's concertos.

Bach's Orgelbüchlein (Little Organ Book) contains chorale preludes for the church year written during the composer's service at Weimar (1708 - 1717). In about 1713, Bach began assembling the Orgel-Büchlein, and his earliest entries seem to be Her Christ, der ein'ge Gottes-Sohn, BWV 601, In dulci jubilo, BWV 608, Christ ist erstanden, BWV 627, and Heut' triumphieret Gottes Sohn, BWV 630. These were very original compositions, highly expressive miniatures based on a chorale melody, supported with refined counterpoint, and featuring highly condensed motivic writing.

Bach's Orgelbüchlein was essentially complete by 1716. Only the fragment O Traurigkeit and the chorale prelude, Helft mir Gottes Güte preisen, BWV 613, were added later. "Complete" is used with some reservation here, because Bach originally projected 164 pieces but completed fewer than 50. In Bach's manuscript, pages with finished pieces alternate with blank ones intended for other chorale preludes. The later pieces differ from Bach's earlier chorale elaborations, in that they contain only one statement of the melody and are intended to demonstrate how to accompany a chorale with contrapuntally proper figurations that support the meaning of the text.

In the early 1740s Bach assembled a number of chorale preludes, possibly with the intention of publishing them as a set. These Achtzehn Choräle (Eighteen Chorales) BWV 651 - 668 were almost certainly written before 1723 and revised later. The Fantasia super Komm, heiliger Geist, BWV 651 is an especially impressive, extended elaboration of the chorale melody, which is in the pedal. The tune is treated in a less ornate fashion in the next prelude of the set (BWV 652). The highly convoluted Von Gott will ich nicht lassen, BWV 658 also contains the chorale melody in the pedal.

The six Schübler chorales (BWV 645 - 650) are derived from Bach's cantatas and contain one of his most popular chorale preludes, on the melody Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, BWV 645.

The third part of Bach's Clavier-Übung, published in Leipzig in 1739, contains 21 chorale preludes (not all appear in every publication), many of which are for manuals only. Nine of these are meant for use during the Mass, while the others are for the catechism. Among the most impressive is Kyrie, Gott heiliger Geist, BWV 671, which is in five voices with the chorale melody in the pedal. More complex is the first of two preludes on Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir, BWV 686, which is in six parts, including two pedal parts.

In this choral prelude, the canon between soprano and tenor is less strict than the ingenuity demonstrated in the Orgelbüchlein canons could have made it (e.g., Measure (M)17); nor is the melody which emerges in M12-17 quite the same as in any other version. Perhaps the sources are in error. As in BWV 693, the theme and its countersubject incorporate or lead to useful motifs open to development throughout the chorale, rectus inversus and diminished. Scale segments suggest that the theme and countersubject are related. As an unstrict canonic harmonization without interludes between lines, BWV 714 is similar to such Orgelbüchlein chorales as BWV 620 but is less fluent and skilled. The distribution of parts is uncertain and the use of two staves might suggest that the copy is a kind of score which could be played in various ways: the cantus firmus on a separate manual or the pedal taking bass, tenor or soprano. However, the lowest line makes an uncharacteristic pedal part, and the four parts can be better played by hands except at M16-17 - perhaps further evidence of an incorrect source at this point.

Source: Allmusic (http://www.allmusic.com/composition/ach-gott-und-herr- chorale-prelude-per-canonem-for-organ-bwv-714-bc-k172-m c0002391332).

Although originally written for Pipe Organ, I created this Arrangement of the Chorale Prelude (BWV 714) "Ach Gott und Herr" (Ah, my Lord and God) for Oboe & String Trio (Violin, Viola & Cello).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Autres chorals et préludes (75 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2017-02-23


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Woodwind
bois
Woodwind Arrangements
Sheet music list :
› Sonata in A Major from Chandos Anthem No. 8 for Oboe & Strings
› "À Tout Jamais" for Oboe & Bassoon Quartet - Oboe and bassoon
› "Ach, dass ich Wassers gnug hätte" for English Horn & Strings
› "Adieu Anvers" for Double Reed Quintet - Oboe, English horn, Bassoon
› "Adieux de l'hôtesse Arabe" for Oboe & Strings
› "Agnus Dei " from the Mass in B Minor for Double-Reed Trio
› "Album Leaf" from Lyric Pieces for Clarinet & Strings
› "All we Like Sheep have Gone Astray" for Winds & Strings
› "Allegro di Molto" from "Lieder ohne Worte" for Oboe & Strings
› "Amen Chorus" for Oboes & Strings




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