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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
6635 sheet music
7263 MP3
1159 MIDI


Instrumentations :
PIANO
› Piano solo (64)
› Organ solo (12)
› 1 Piano, 4 Hands (duet) (1)
› Piano and Strings (1)
GUITAR
› 2 Guitars (Duet) (49)
› Guitar solo (standard notation) (7)
› Guitar solo (notes and tabs) (1)

Arrangers : › Bach, Johann Sebastian Original (19)
› BENOIST, Regis (2)
› Durand, Patrice (1)
› Gawol, Peter (1)
› Gioia, Gianfranco (1)
› Heidtmann, Klaus (1)
› Kogan, Ilya (1)

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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Fugue in G# Minor for String Quartet

Fugue in G# Minor for String Quartet
BWV 863 No. 2
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

String Quartet

  4 other versions
Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
The Well-Tempered Clavier is two sets of preludes and fugues for keyboard. Each set consists of twenty four preludes and fugues in all of the major and minor keys in ascending order. They were published in two separate "books," Book I, which was composed in 1722, and Book II, composed in 1744. The title of the work refers to a then new system of tuning, called equal temperament, in which an octave was divided into twelve equal intervals. This method of tuning replaced an earlier one called meantone tuning, in which the key of C major and those near it were purely intonated, while keys with many sharps or flats would be out of tune. In the meantone system, each tone and semitone is subtly different, while the equal tempered system eschewed perfect intonation for an equal division of the octave, such that each tone and semitone was equal. Bach certainly recognized the value of such a system--it allowed for greater freedom of modulation and use of chromaticism--and his Well-Tempered Clavier served as an effective promotion of this new tuning method. It is a vivid demonstration of the flexibility and practicality of the equal or "well" tempered keyboard. It is also an example of Bach's compositional genius and good taste: as his first biographer Johann Forkel noted, despite its perfectly idiomatic music and attention to specific technical issues, Bach likely composed this work away from the keyboard while on a trip with his patron, Prince Leopold.

Like many of Bach's great pedagogical works, the Well-Tempered Clavier is a collection of pieces whose musical value is as great as their instructional value. Each piece tests different techniques and addresses different technical challenges; however, Bach is careful not to sacrifice musicality for pedagogy, so that fugal subjects are simple yet interesting, motives are tastefully developed, and melodic lines are supple and shapely. There is no paucity of purely musical ideas in this work. Book II, composed some twenty-two years after the first, is noticeably less pedagogical in its emphasis, and is obviously addressed to the accomplished player rather than the "Musical youth" described on the title page of Book I. Book II also does not, in the printed score, make a point of equal temperament: by 1744, this new system was no longer new, and no longer required Bach's advocacy.

One might expect this prelude and fugue that follow those in A flat major to be in A flat minor; Bach, however, prefers to label the key G sharp minor -- essentially the same thing, although the ears of Bach's time, accustomed to the vagaries of other tuning systems, would have anticipated a slight difference in character between the two. The prelude flows and rolls smoothly through a three-voice texture; the fugue employs a somewhat menacing, or at least mysterious, theme quite contrasting with the good-natured prelude. Structurally it's a straightforward piece in four voices, the subject arriving first in the tenor, then alto, soprano, and bass.

Source: Allmusic (http://www.allmusic.com/composition/prelude-and-fugue- for-keyboard-no-18-in-g-sharp-minor-wtc-i-18-bwv-863-bc -l97-mc0002362880).

Although originally written for Harpsichord. I created this Arrangement of the Fugue in G# Minor (BWV 863 No. 2) for String Quartet (2 Violins, Viola & Cello).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Le Clavier bien tempéré I (207 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2017-04-03


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Viola Arrangements

Viola Arrangements
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