Sonata No. 1 in G major, BWV 1027, Sonata No.2 in D
major, BWV 1028, and Sonata No.3 in G minor, BWV 1029,
respectively, are three sonatas that Johann Sebastian
Bach wrote for viola da gamba and harpsichord.
There is no certainty as to when Bach wrote his three
viola da gamba sonatas. Various musicologists suggest
that they were composed as early as 1720, during Bach's
Köthen period, at the court of Prince Leopold, where
the Court Capelle included the well-known gamba player
Christian Ferdinand Abel. Other evidence suggests that
the sonatas were composed in Leipzig around 1740, where
Bach was cantor at the St. Thomas Church, as well as
director of the Collegium Musicum from 1723
For this the Sonata in D Major, BWV 1028, the first
movement begins with the gamba introducing a thematic
fragment repeated by the harpsichord. The following
movement includes echos and from the first one,
especially of the latter half of the first movement.
The third movement is in the rhythm of a siciliano,
followed by a fast movement in 6/8 time. Parts of this
sonata were used in Bach's St Matthew Passion.
Although originally written for viola da gamba and
harpsichord, I created this arrangement for String trio
(Violin, Viola & Cello).