Ferdinand David (born January 20, 1810 in Hamburg; died July 19, 1873 in Klosters) was a German virtuoso violinist and composer.
David was a pupil of Louis Spohr and Moritz Hauptmann from 1823 to 1824 and in 1826 became a violinist at Königstädtischen Theater in Berlin. In 1829 he was the first violinist of a string quartet in Dorpat and undertook concert tours in Riga, Saint Petersburg and Moscow. In 1835 he became concert master (Konzertmeister) at the Gewandhaus in Leipzig and in 1843 professor of violin (Violinlehrer) at the Leipziger Konservatorium. He gave the premiere of Felix Mendelssohn's great violin concerto, and had worked closely with Mendelssohn during the piece's preparation, giving technical advice.
David's own compositions number about 40. They include two symphonies, five violin concertos, an opera (Hans Wacht, 1852), a string sextet for three violins, viola and two cellos, and a number of lieder. He also produced a concertino for trombone, which has been recorded several times in recent years, on the record labels Koch Schwann and BIS among others. As well as a trombone concertino, he wrote a two movement bassoon concertino.
David also worked as editor of violin works by, for instance, Francesco Maria Veracini, Pietro Locatelli and Johann Gottlieb Goldberg.
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