Joaquín Turina (December 9, 1882 Seville ? January 14, 1949 Madrid) was a Spanish composer of classical music.
He was born in Seville but his origins were of Northern Italy (between Verona, Brescia and Mantova). He studied there as well as Madrid. He lived in Paris from 1905 to 1914 where he took composition lessons from Vincent d'Indy at his Schola Cantorum, and studied the piano under Moritz Moszkowski. While there, he got to know the impressionist composers Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy, like his fellow countryman and friend, Manuel de Falla
Along with de Falla, he returned to Madrid in 1914, working as a composer, teacher and critic. In 1931 he was made professor of composition at the Royal Conservatory.
His works include the operas Margot (1914) and Jardín de Oriente (1923), the Danzas fantásticas (1920, versions for orchestra and piano), La oración del torero (written first for a lute quartet, then string quartet, then string orchestra), chamber music, piano works, guitar pieces and songs. Much of his work shows the influence of traditional Andalusian music.
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