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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Sinfonia: "Wir danken dir, Gott, wir danken dir" for String Ensemble

Sinfonia: "Wir danken dir, Gott, wir danken dir" for String Ensemble
BWV 29 No 1
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

String Ensemble

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
Wir danken dir, Gott, wir danken dir (We thank you, God, we thank you), BWV 29, is a sacred cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed it in Leipzig in 1731 for Ratswechsel, the inauguration of a new town council, and first performed it on 27 August of that year. Bach used the music from the choral movement for both the Gratias agimus tibi and Dona nobis pacem of his Mass in B minor.

Bach composed the cantata in 1731 for Ratswechsel, the inauguration of the newly elected town council, which took place in a festive service in the Nikolaikirche on the Monday following St. Bartholomäus (24 August). He had written the cantatas Preise, Jerusalem, den Herrn, BWV 119, and Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille, BWV 120, for the same occasion. The text by an unknown author includes in movement 2 Psalm 75:2 and as the closing chorale the fifth stanza of Johann Gramann's hymn "Nun lob, mein Seel, den Herren".

The cantata is one of the few sacred cantatas of Bach opened by an orchestral sinfonia. Another is the early Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen, BWV 12. The music is an arrangement of the prelude from Bach's Partita for violin, BWV 1006. A solo organ plays the original violin part, while the orchestra adds an accompaniment.

The chorus, on verse 2 of Psalm 75, is written in grave stile antico. The bass begins in great simplicity a theme in even steps; the tenor starts imitating almost immediately, the alto a little later, then the soprano. A countersubject illustrates the telling of God's wonders, embellishing the words verkündigen ("proclaim") and Wunder ("wonders"). A dense texture is achieved. In the beginning only oboes and strings play colla parte, then a trumpet doubles the soprano. Developing further, two trumpets take part in the polyphony, and a climax is reached when the third trumpet and timpani enter. Bach adapted the music with only minor changes for the Gratias of his Missa for the court of Dresden in 1733, which expresses the same idea. Later he incorporated the Missa in his Mass in B minor and concluded his work by repeating the music as the Dona nobis pacem. According to Klaus Hofmann, all these movements are based on an earlier lost composition.

The tenor, a solo violin, and the continuo are equal partners in the following da capo aria.

The soprano aria, accompanied by oboe and strings, is in siciliano rhythm. The continuo rests during the vocal parts.

After a recitative which leads to a choral Amen, the alto soloist repeats the main section of the tenor aria, accompanied by the organ. This close connection within a work of both theme (3 and 6) and instrument (1 and 6) is unusual in Bach's cantatas.

In the closing chorale the trumpets accentuate the ends of some lines of the fifth verse of Johann Gramann's "Nun lob, mein Seel, den Herren".

The Sinfonia movement experienced a period of crossover popularity in 1968 when Walter Carlos (now Wendy Carlos) created an exuberant rendition of it for electronic synthesizer (at the time a novelty) for the album Switched-On Bach.

Although the Cantata was originally written for soprano, alto, tenor and bass soloists, four-part choir, solo organ and an orchestra consisting of three trumpets, timpani, two oboes, two violins, viola and basso continuo, I created this Arrangement for String Ensemble (6 Violins, 3 Violas, 3 Cellos and Basses).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Wir danken dir, Gott, wir danken dir (11 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2014-05-13


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Mike Magatagan's Arrangements
Arrangements musicaux de Mike Magatagan
Musical Arrangements of Mike Magatagan
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