Aria Variata Alla Maniera Italiana in A Minor (BWV 989)
is a keyboard work by Johann Sebastian Bach from around
1709, recorded in the Andreas Bach Book. It consists of
a simple choral theme and 10 virtuoso variations, each
of them in binary form (two sections, both repeated).
The work was probably created for a harpsichord, but
there are numerous recordings with other instruments,
notably with piano and organ. It shares many formal
similarities with the later Goldberg Variations.
The Variation in A Minor for keyboard (BWV 989) by
Johann Sebastian Bach first appeared in the Andreas
Bach Book, a collection of keyboard works compiled by
Johann Christoph Bach, Bach's oldest brother, for his
youngest son, Andreas Bach. A set of ten variations on
what appears to be an original theme, the Aria Variata,
like Bach's last set of keyboard variations, the
Goldberg Variations, features a return of the theme at
the work's close. And like the Goldberg Variations, the
Aria Variata uses not the theme itself but the harmonic
structure of the theme as the basis of the variations.
The theme itself is simple and set as a chorale, while
the variations that follow are virtuoso in technique
and bravura in intent, typical of the young Bach at his
Although originally written for Harpsichord. I created
this Arrangement of the Aria & Variations in A Minor
(BWV 989) for Concert (Pedal) Harp.