Bizet, Georges Georges Bizet
France France
(1838 - 1875)

414 Partitions
374 MP3

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Partitions Hautbois Hautbois, Quatuor à cordes Georges Bizet
Bizet, Georges: "Adieux de l

"Adieux de l'hôtesse Arabe" for Oboe & Strings
WD 72
Georges Bizet

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Compositeur :Georges BizetBizet, Georges (1838 - 1875)
Instrumentation :

Hautbois, Quatuor à cordes

Genre :


Arrangeur :
Editeur :
Georges BizetMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Droit d'auteur :Public Domain
Georges Bizet's (1838-1875) first work was a symphony, written when he was 17 and immediately popular. But he is far better known for his operas, particularly Carmen. Carmen was not initially well-received but praise for it eventually came from well-known contemporaries including Claude Debussy, Camille Saint-Saëns and Pyotr Tchaikovsky. Bizet did not live to see its success, as he died from angina at the age of 36 a few months after its first few performances, on his third wedding anniversary. He was buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

Bizet's music has been used in the twentieth century as the basis for several important ballets. The Soviet-era "Carmen Suite" (1967), set to music drawn from Carmen arranged by Rodion Shchedrin, gave the Bolshoi ballerina Maya Plisetskaya one of her signature roles; it was choreographed by Alberto Alonso. In the West the "L'Arlesienne" of Roland Petit is well-regarded, and the "Symphony in C" by George Balanchine is considered to be one of the great ballets of the twentieth century. It was first presented as Le Palais de Crystal by the Paris Opera Ballet in 1947, and has been in the repertory there ever since. The ballet has no story; it simply fits the music: each movement of the symphony has its own ballerina, cavalier, and Corps de Ballet, all of whom dance together in the finale.

Bizet’s republican political sympathies are covertly emphasized by his decision to lavish his musical powers on a lyric by the most famous exile from the corrupt France of Napoléon III. It is without question the composer’s greatest song. The piano’s seductively writhing ostinato cradles a vocal line which swoons and sways on the desert sands in the most sultry fashion. Despite the fact that it is set in French-speaking North Africa, this is perhaps the most effective of all the ‘oriental’ evocations in the mélodie repertoire, Ravel’s orchestra-accompanied Shéhérazade excepted. It abandons the rigid strophic form of the stultifying and unvarying couplet tradition, and the composer’s utter originality seems to have been genuinely inspired by the words – like the young Schubert led to higher expression by Goethe. The song contains the louche sexual promise of the colonies set against a background of monotonous heat and lassitude. The lower pedal (also typical of Gounod) enables the vocal line to undulate mesmerically, as if we were watching (or hearing) a slow belly dance. A composer as different as Francis Poulenc expressed his admiration for this Arab hostess in his Journal de mes mélodies: Bizet ‘knew how to vary a strophic song in detail. That is often what is missing in Gounod’. Certainly the older composer never dared to compose a piece so explicitly sexual, for we sense that there is nothing that this girl would not do in order to keep the young Frenchman; indeed, we are musically invited to imagine the sensual implications of the girl’s pleading. It also emphasizes Winton Dean’s observation that Bizet was not at his best with conventional love music but always more inspired by what might be termed the ‘forbidden’, or the unusual, in relationships between men and women. (Carmen is the ultimate case in point, and Dean also tells us that Bizet had a great enthusiasm for prostitutes.) Although the composer ruthlessly cut four of Hugo’s strophes, and adapted some of the remainder, we have here a hauntingly hypnotic masterpiece, a true collaboration between a great poet and a great musician despite the fact they never met. The direction on the last page which instructs the singer to use a voice ‘broken by sobs’ gives us a glimpse of the musical manners of another epoch, impossible to reproduce in our own without raising an eyebrow, or even a laugh.

I created this transcription for Oboe and Strings (2 Violins, Viola & Cello) from an arrangement by Jenne Van Antwerpen for Oboe & Piano.
Source / Web :MuseScore
Ajoutée par magataganm le 2016-06-21

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Cette partition est associée à la collection de magataganm :
arrangements à vent
Liste des partitions :
› Sonata in A Major from Chandos Anthem No. 8 for Oboe & Strings
› "À Tout Jamais" for Oboe & Bassoon Quartet - Haubois et basson
› "Ach, dass ich Wassers gnug hätte" for English Horn & Strings
› "Adieu Anvers" for Double Reed Quintet - Hautbois, Cor anglais, Basson
› "Adieux de l'hôtesse Arabe" for Oboe & Strings
› "Agnus Dei " from the Mass in B Minor for Double-Reed Trio
› "Album Leaf" from Lyric Pieces for Clarinet & Strings
› "All we Like Sheep have Gone Astray" for Winds & Strings
› "Allegro di Molto" from "Lieder ohne Worte" for Oboe & Strings
› "Amen Chorus" for Oboes & Strings

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