Nur jedem das Seine (To each only his due), BWV 163, is
a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed
the cantata in 1715 in Weimar for the twenty-third
Sunday after Trinity. The prescribed readings for the
day were from the Epistle to the Philippians
(Philippians 3:17--21), and from the Gospel of Matthew
(Matthew 22:15--22). The librettist for movements 1--5
was Salomon Franck, who included the final stanza of
Johann Heermann's hymn "Wo soll ich fliehen hin" (1630)
as the last movement of this cantata.
The opening aria features an unusual ritornello in
which the strings assume a motif introduced by the
continuo, which is then repeated several times through
all parts. The movement is a da capo aria emphasizing
dualism and debt. Craig Smith remarks that it is
"almost academic in its metrical insistence".
The work is scored for four vocal soloists (soprano,
alto, tenor, and bass), four-part choir, two violins,
viola, two cellos, and basso continuo,
I created this arrangement for English Horn & Strings
(2 Violins, Viola & Cello).