"La Paloma" is a popular song, having been produced and
reinterpreted in diverse cultures, settings,
arrangements, and recordings over the last 140 years.
The song was composed and written by Spanish composer
Sebastián Iradier (later Yradier) after he visited Cuba
in 1861. Iradier may have composed "La Paloma" around
1863, just two years before he died in Spain in
obscurity, never to learn how popular his song would
become. The influence of the local Cuban habanera gives
the song its characteristic and distinctive rhythm.
Very quickly "La Paloma" became popular in Mexico, and
soon spread around the world. (Wikipedia)