Available Editions: Solo Mandolin version, LMP017 Performance history: 1/19/2013 by Jason Calloway, Harold Golen Gallery, Miami, FL 11/1/2014 Bryan Hayslett, Boston Conservatory, Boston, MA 11/4/2013 Bryan Hayslett, Distler Hall at Tufts University, Boston, MA 4/2/2014 Kinan Abou-Afach at Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ 11/18/2015 Hassan Moataz El-Mola at Sonorium Salon, Tokyo, Japan 11/19/2015 Hassan Moataz El-Mola at Suginami Koukaido Hall, Tokyo, Japan 11/23/2015 Hassan Moataz El-Mola at Kawai Music Salon, Sendai, Japan Program Notes: Kareem Roustom (b. 1971) 'Hanjale', which means swagger in Arabic, derives its name from the colloquial saying "Awal al-raqs hanjale" (the dance begins with a swagger). The saying can be interpreted to mean that larger actions begin with small moves or gestures. Depending on the context, this Arabic saying can allude to both positive and negative outcomes from simple beginnings. This work uses an ornate rhythmic cycle with seventeen beats as a frame work for its rhythmic structure and a four note motif as a basis for its melodic and harmonic structure. Originally composed for solo mandolin, this arrangement takes advantage of the cello's expressive range. Duration ca. 12.