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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
6536 sheet music
7172 MP3
1121 MIDI


Instrumentations :
PIANO
› Piano solo (64)
› Organ solo (12)
› Piano and Strings (1)
› 1 Piano, 4 Hands (duet) (1)
GUITAR
› 2 Guitars (Duet) (49)
› Guitar solo (standard notation) (7)
› 2 guitars and acoustic bass (1)

Arrangers : › Bach, Johann Sebastian Original (19)
› BENOIST, Regis (2)
› Durand, Patrice (1)
› Gawol, Peter (1)
› Gioia, Gianfranco (1)
› Heidtmann, Klaus (1)
› Kogan, Ilya (1)

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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Fugue in A Major for Double Reed Trio

Fugue in A Major for Double Reed Trio
BWV 864 No. 2
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Oboe, English horn, Bassoon

  1 other version
Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
The Well-Tempered Clavier is two sets of preludes and fugues for keyboard. Each set consists of twenty four preludes and fugues in all of the major and minor keys in ascending order. They were published in two separate "books," Book I, which was composed in 1722, and Book II, composed in 1744. The title of the work refers to a then new system of tuning, called equal temperament, in which an octave was divided into twelve equal intervals. This method of tuning replaced an earlier one called meantone tuning, in which the key of C major and those near it were purely intonated, while keys with many sharps or flats would be out of tune. In the meantone system, each tone and semitone is subtly different, while the equal tempered system eschewed perfect intonation for an equal division of the octave, such that each tone and semitone was equal. Bach certainly recognized the value of such a system--it allowed for greater freedom of modulation and use of chromaticism--and his Well-Tempered Clavier served as an effective promotion of this new tuning method. It is a vivid demonstration of the flexibility and practicality of the equal or "well" tempered keyboard. It is also an example of Bach's compositional genius and good taste: as his first biographer Johann Forkel noted, despite its perfectly idiomatic music and attention to specific technical issues, Bach likely composed this work away from the keyboard while on a trip with his patron, Prince Leopold.

Like many of Bach's great pedagogical works, the Well-Tempered Clavier is a collection of pieces whose musical value is as great as their instructional value. Each piece tests different techniques and addresses different technical challenges; however, Bach is careful not to sacrifice musicality for pedagogy, so that fugal subjects are simple yet interesting, motives are tastefully developed, and melodic lines are supple and shapely. There is no paucity of purely musical ideas in this work. Book II, composed some twenty-two years after the first, is noticeably less pedagogical in its emphasis, and is obviously addressed to the accomplished player rather than the "Musical youth" described on the title page of Book I. Book II also does not, in the printed score, make a point of equal temperament: by 1744, this new system was no longer new, and no longer required Bach's advocacy.

Oddly, the prelude in this pair is itself almost a fugue; its minuet-like opening theme makes a second entrance and begins a contrapuntal dialog with itself. Two further themes, so closely related as to barely count as separate motifs, arrive and receive similar treatment, with all this happening at a moderate tempo in less than a minute and a half. The fugue is also something of a novelty, in the unusual 9/18 meter. Its playful, peekaboo theme launches a three-voice structure, entering from the top of the keyboard down.

Source: Allmusic (http://www.allmusic.com/composition/prelude-and-fugue- for-keyboard-no-19-in-a-major-wtc-i-19-bwv-864-bc-l98-m c0002390887).

Although originally written for Harpsichord. I created this Arrangement of the Fugue in A Major (BWV 864 No. 2) for Double Reed Trio (Oboe, English Horn & Bassoon).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Le Clavier bien tempéré I (206 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2017-03-30


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Woodwind
bois
Woodwind Arrangements
Sheet music list :

› Sonata in A Major from Chandos Anthem No. 8 for Oboe & Strings
› "À Tout Jamais" for Oboe & Bassoon Quartet - Oboe and bassoon
› "Ach, dass ich Wassers gnug hätte" for English Horn & Strings
› "Adieu Anvers" for Double Reed Quintet - Oboe, English horn, Bassoon
› "Adieux de l'hôtesse Arabe" for Oboe & Strings
› "Agnus Dei " from the Mass in B Minor for Double-Reed Trio
› "All we Like Sheep have Gone Astray" for Winds & Strings
› "Allegro di Molto" from "Lieder ohne Worte" for Oboe & Strings
› "Amen Chorus" for Oboes & Strings




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