Johann Sebastian Bach wrote his Fantasia and Fugue in C
Minor around 1704, though it was only published almost
a hundred years later, in 1803. The fantasia movement
has been catalogued as BC L.133 and the fugue as L.
138, and, according to the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis, the
whole work is named BWV 906.
Bach was hired in 1708 by the ruling duke of
Saxe-Weimar, Wilhelm Ernst, as an organist and member
of the court orchestra; he was particularly encouraged
to make use of his unique talents with the organ.
During his tenure at Weimar his fame as an organist
grew, and many students of the organ visited him to
hear him play and to learn from his technique. The
composer also wrote many of his greatest organ works
during the period, including the Toccata and Fugue in D
minor, BWV 565 and the Prelude and Fugue in E major,
BWV 566. The Fantasia and Fugue in C minor was begun
before or during this period, as a lone fantasia in the
title key. The fugue was added in 1745, most likely by
Bach, but possibly by one of his students or sons. This
piece is one of a few by Bach with a considerable
period between the composition of its component
Although originally written for Organ, I created this
Arrangement of the Fantasia in C Minor (BWV 1120) for
String Quartet (2 Violins, Viola & Cello).