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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
6422 sheet music
7020 MP3
1101 MIDI



Arrangers : › Bach, Johann Sebastian Original (24)
› Best, William Thomas (1)
› Brigham, James (2)
› Coulomb, Laurent (1)
› David, Ferdinand (1)
› Düzgören, Mustafa Kemal (1)
› DESGRANGE, jean-Marie (1)

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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Suite in D Major for Viola

Suite in D Major for Viola
BWV 1012
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Viola

  8 other versions
Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Key :D major
Copyright :Public Domain
Johann Sebastian Bach was better known as a virtuoso organist than as a composer in his day. His sacred music, organ and choral works, and other instrumental music had an enthusiasm and seeming freedom that concealed immense rigor. Bach's use of counterpoint was brilliant and innovative, and the immense complexities of his compositional style -- which often included religious and numerological symbols that seem to fit perfectly together in a profound puzzle of special codes -- still amaze musicians today. Many consider him the greatest composer of all time.

As unique and extraordinary as each of Bach's other five cello suites are, the Suite No. 6 is perhaps the most ambitious, strangest, richest of all. For this suite, Bach chose the key of D major, the triumphant key of his Magnificat and the "Dona nobis pacem" which concludes the Mass in B minor. He also calls for a five-stringed variant on the cello, though the work is playable on a conventional (four-stringed) cello. With these resources, Bach calls for resounding joy, carefully implied harmonies, and a rich, dense counterpoint that tests the cellist's skills to the maximum.

The Prelude, in a steady triple meter, is the only place in the set where Bach employed the dynamic markings (forte and piano), to simulate the effect of a Vivaldi-like echo sonata with phrases calling, responding, and gradually growing and developing into a fast-moving and playful cadenza and an untroubled recapitulation. With each suite Bach continues his progression away from simple dance-like structural roots. Melodic leaps are introduced in the fourth suite, chords in the fifth suite, and a subtle mix of chords, leaps, and implied harmonies, which become as important as the melodies, in the sixth suite. Indeed, this suite comes close in its technical challenges to the polyphonic simulations that Bach created in the partitas and sonatas for solo violin.

Joy takes many forms in this suite, from the echo-sonata textures of the Prelude to the stately grace and implied bass harmonies of the Allemande and Sarabande, and the homophonic march-like Courante. But the most unusual movement here must be the double Gavotte, where the subsections call for wide chords and melody over a ground bass, almost resembling a hurdy-gurdy playing at a peasant celebration. Its like wouldn't be heard again until Zoltán Kodály took up solo cello writing some 200 years later. The Gigue culminates this suite, and this great cycle, with a duet for solo cello, where the two interlocking voices gradually climb the scale, ascending to a high climax and sweeping back down to finish.

Source: AllMusic (http://www.allmusic.com/composition/suite-for-solo-cel lo-no-6-in-d-major-bwv-1012-mc0002389533).

Although originally written for Solo Cello. I created this Transcription of the Suite No. 6 in D Major (BWV 1012) for Viola.
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :6 Suites pour violoncelle (136 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2017-08-04


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Viola Arrangements

Viola Arrangements
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