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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Prelude & Fugue in A Minor for Flute & Harp

Prelude & Fugue in A Minor for Flute & Harp
BWV 894
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Flute and Harp

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Key :A minor
Copyright :Public Domain
The first book of J. S. Bach's Das Wohltemperierte Klavier (The Well-Tempered Clavier) was complete by 1722. Bach gave the present title to the work, which was composed "for the use and practice of musical youth eager to learn and for the amusement of those already skilled in this study." Bach composed a paired Prelude and Fugue in each of the 24 keys to demonstrate the viability of the new "equal-temperament" system, which allows one to play in all keys without producing out-of-tune intervals, as happened with Pythagorean and "mean tone" tunings. Furthermore, the pieces are as much compositional studies as keyboard works.

Twenty years later, Bach assembled another set of preludes and fugues. The title page is missing from the manuscript, but its similarity to the "first" book of The Well-Tempered Clavier led editors to entitle it "Book II." Bach worked on the second book over a long period of time, even reworking pieces he had written for other purposes, as he had in the first book. Some of the preludes and fugues date from the 1720s. Possibly the most substantial revision for the second book was to No. 3, in C sharp major, which was originally in C major. Fugues Nos. 15 and 17 survive in earlier versions in which they are connected with different preludes than we find in The Well-Tempered Clavier.

There are many musical differences between the works of Book II and those of Book I. The preludes in the second group explore a greater range of forms and styles than do the earlier examples. Most striking are the experiments in the style of the Italian bipartite keyboard sonata, codified by Domenico Scarlatti. Like earlier dance movements, these consist of two repeated sections. Some of the "sonata" preludes in Book II, such as Nos. 5, 12, and 21, feature a recapitulation of the opening material, while others (Nos. 10 and 15) have parallel closing sections. Prelude No. 17 is an Italian concert-ritornello movement; Nos. 13 and 23 also display concerto traits. The tenth is a two-part invention and Nos. 4 and 14 are ariosos. Those that are clearly derived form dance forms -- No. 5 from the gigue and No. 8 from the allemande -- lack the traditional binary form.

This Prelude and Fugue was probably composed during Bach's Weimar period (1708-1717), a time in which he served as court organist for the Duke of Sachsen-Weimar. There is some chance, however, it came during his tenure as Kapellmeister in Cöthen (1717-1723). Whenever it was written, the work exhibits Bach's routine mastery of this form. In the Prelude half, his contrapuntal writing is just as interesting, just as compelling as that in the latter, fugal portion, though it is less busy and a bit less driven. The Prelude is slightly longer than the Fugue, taking up about five of the nine minutes typically consumed in a performance of the work. The piece opens with a modest-sounding main theme that quickly takes on a stately, serious air in its lively pacing and subtle thematic developments. Following a brief pause, the Fugue portion busily begins and soon, the music descends to the keyboard's bass regions, after which it rises to storm the heights -- several times! Throughout the Fugue, the music develops and expands, inner lines come to the fore, main lines recede to deftly blend, and the whole yields an often ecstatic piece of exquisite contrapuntal writing.

Source: Allmusic (http://www.allmusic.com/composition/prelude-and-fugue- for-keyboard-in-a-minor-bwv-894-bc-l130-mc0002368640).< br>
Although originally written for Harpsichord. I created this Arrangement of the Prelude & Fugue in A Minor (BWV 894) for Flute & Concert (Pedal) Harp.
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Prélude et Fugue en La mineur (4 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2017-05-10


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Flute
flûte
Flute Arrangements
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› "Ad Te Levavi" for Brass & Strings - Winds & String Orchestra




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