José de Torres y Martínez Bravo (1665?1738) was a Spanish composer, organist, music theorist and music publisher.
Torres was born in Madrid, where he served as organist of the capilla real from 1697. With the arrival of the Bourbons, Torres was expelled from the capilla, but avoided exile and was rehabilitated. From 1702 he established a music printing press, Imprenta de Música, the first in Iberia. With the continuing exile of Sebastián Durón, Torres served the former Duke of Anjou, now Philip V of Spain, as maestro de capilla and rector of the boys choir (Colegio de Niños Cantorcicos), replacing the interim maestros Matías Cabrera and Nicolás Humanes, in 1707. He held this post until his death. He died in Madrid.
He was the author of various musical works. These include ?Reglas generales para acompañar órgano, clavicordio o arpa? (1702) [a work covering accompaniment techniques for organ, clavichord and harp] and a book of masses dedicated to Philip V of Spain.
His work ?Arte de canto llano? published in 1705 and subsequently augmented was a ?corrected and augmented? edition of the work by the same name of Francisco de Montanos. It contains a number of compositions by Torres, including his 4 part Salve Regina, printed in score, a solo cantata Flavescite, serenate and a solo aria Admirable. It also contains settings of the Benedictus by Alonso Lobo and Philippe Rogier.
A large number of compositions by Torres are preserved in the archive of Guatemala Cathedral, although some of these are in poor condition with some missing parts. These manuscripts have been microfilmed or scanned. Digitised versions of the microfilm are online. They include manuscript and printed works, the latter possibly from Torres' printing press. These compositions include villancicos in four or eight parts, solo cantatas for treble, soprano and ?contralto? and an 8 part ?Missa annuntiate nobis? with violin, oboe and basso continuo accompaniment.
The cantatas are in the Italian style. The lyrics are often very obscure. The cantatas for ?contralto? are particularly elaborate with long melismatic sections. It is not clear whether they were intended for male or female singers. The solo soprano cantata Afectos amantes contains an aria 'La solfa mia' based on the natural hexachord which may be a personal statement by Torres of his approach to composition
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