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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
6540 sheet music
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Bach, Johann Sebastian: "Kyrie Eleison" from the Mass in G Major for Oboe & Strings

"Kyrie Eleison" from the Mass in G Major for Oboe & Strings
BWV 236 No. 1
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Oboe, String orchestra

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
Between 1737 and 1748 Johann Sebastian Bach wrote at least five Masses, four of which survive in their entirety. (The C Minor Mass exists only as a fragment.) These are known as the Missa brevis (plural is Missae brevis), meaning brief Masses or Lutheran Masses, in contrast to the Mass in B Minor, Bach's only Latin work following the complete Catholic Mass structure. But none of these Masses gets much attention in either Bach scholarship or performances, suffering first from being in the shadow of the Mass in B Minor - called by Georg Nägeli one of the "greatest musical works of art of all times and all peoples" - and second by the fact that each of these four Masses are "parody" works. A parody work is one based on preexisting music. Parody Masses were common in the Renaissance, whereby a composer would create a new musical work out of old material. Normally, that "old material" was a chant or popular song, some musical element that would be recognizable to the choir and congregation. For two famous examples, see Josquin's Missa pange lingua (based on the chant "Pange lingua", still used today in the Catholic Church), or Machaut's Missa l'homme armé (which is based on a popular song).

Bach's Masses, however, are parodies of his own work. In modern times, we tend to think of the word "parody" in terms of comedy; but the original use of the word in music had no such connotations. In fact, parody was a common technique that was often a form of flattery - if your work proved to be the source of the parody, then your music had to be fairly well known, perhaps even well respected. In the present case, Bach's Mass in G Major is largely based on his own earlier cantatas:

- The "Kyrie Eleison" is derived from Cantata 179
- the opening movement of the "Gloria in Excelsis" comes from Cantata 79
- the "Gratias agimus tibi" movement is derived from Cantata 138
- continuing in the Gloria, the movement "Domine Deus" also comes from Cantata 79
- "Quoniam tu solus sanctus" comes, like the Kyrie, from Cantata 179
- the final movement of the Gloria, "Cum Sancto Spiritu", originates from Cantata 17

The Kyrie of Mass in G Major begins with a lovely, meditative fugue - a real "throw-back" movement, drawing on the contrapuntal tradition of the Renaissance motet and Mass, relying entirely on the voices to drive the music. There is a continuo part written, but one can easily see that this is not an entirely independent part; rather, the continuo often doubles the bass voices of the choir, and throughout provides harmonic support for the singers. It does not, however, take part in the unveiling of the fugue.

Source: Bach.org (http://www.bach.org/bwv236.php).

I created this arrangement of the "Kyrie Eleison" (Lord have Mercy) for Oboe & Strings (2 Violins, Viola, Cello & Bass).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Messe en sol majeur (7 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2016-08-10


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Woodwind
bois
Woodwind Arrangements
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