Tönet, ihr Pauken! Erschallet, Trompeten! (Resound, ye
drums! Ring out, ye trumpets!), BWV 214,[a] is a
cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed this
cantata in 1733 to honor the 34th birthday of Maria
Josepha, Queen of Poland and Electress of Saxony. It is
also known as Glückwünschkantate zum Geburtstage der
Königin (Congratulation cantata to the queen's
birthday). It was first performed on 7 December 1733.
The librettist of the text is unknown, but may have
been Bach himself.
Parts of this secular work were reworked for Bach's
The opening chorus is a very long da capo form.
Unusually for Bach, it opens with a timpani solo. The
vocal lines are mostly homophonic or imitative – it is
the instrumental forces that are the focus of the
movement. Musicologist Julian Mincham notes that "the
sweeping exhilaration of this movement is impossible to
describe in words".
The tenor recitative conveys imagery of a thunderstorm
and is followed by a soprano aria and recitative
representing the "clashing of arms" and the
battlefield. The alto aria, the only movement in the
minor mode, includes a prominent oboe d'amore, while
the following recitative is accompanied by chordal
The bass da capo aria has a majestic obbligato trumpet
line that underlines the "triumph, dignity and
splendor" of the queen. The text focuses on the dual
themes of fame and virtue. The penultimate movement is
a bass recitative with a woodwind accompaniment. The
piece ends with a dance-like chorus
The work features four vocal soloists: Bellona
(soprano), Pallas (alto), Irene (tenor), and Fama
(bass). It is also scored for a four-part choir, three
trumpets, timpani, two flutes, two oboes, oboe d'amore,
two violins, viola, cello, violone, and basso
I created this arrangement of the second Aria: "Fromme
Musen! meine Glieder!" (Virtuous Muses! My followers!)
for String Trio (Violin, Viola & Cello).