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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Aria: "Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid" for Oboe & Strings

Aria: "Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid" for Oboe & Strings
BWV 58 No 1
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Viola and Harp

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid (Oh God, how much heartache), BWV 58, is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed it in Leipzig for the Sunday after New Year's Day and presumably first performed it on 5 January 1727. He performed it again on 4 January 1733 or 3 January 1734.

The dialogue cantata was composed for the Sunday after New Year's Day, probably of 1727, but the extant version is a recomposition from the early 1730s, which changed the instrumentation and created a new third movement. The surviving continuo part of the original aria suggests a significantly different character.

The prescribed readings for the day are from the First Epistle of Peter, the suffering of Christians (1 Peter 4:12–19), and from the Gospel of Matthew, the Flight into Egypt (Matthew 2:12–23). The text of the cantata comprises the words of the hymn published by Martin Moller in 1587, in movement 1, as well as, for the chorale, poetry published by Martin Behm in the second volume (1610) of the Centuria precationum rhythmicarum. Authorship of verses 2–4 is unknown.

The chorale theme (Zahn 533a) is the melodic line of "Herr Jesu Christ, meins Lebens Licht II", which first appeared in Wolflein Lochamer's Lochamer-Liederbuch, printed in Nürnberg around 1455.

The structure of the piece is unusually symmetric. It opens and closes with a duet of the chorale text. Harmonically, the piece begins and ends in C major, and the central movement is in D minor. The second movement modulates from A minor to F major, while the fourth movement mirrors this motion.

The opening duet includes a ritornello of strings doubled by oboes, with a dotted-rhythm figure characteristic of a French overture. The taille and soprano perform the chorale melody, representing the Soul, while the bass acts as a vox Christi, singing an arioso. The melody is tonal but with a "very chromatic subtext". The ritornello recurs midway through the movement.

The secco bass recitative is chromatic and in two sections: the first describes a history of persecution with "striding angular phrases", while the second section emphasizes the presence of God using a gentler and smoother melodic line.

The third movement is the newer soprano aria with an obbligato solo violin. The da capo movement describes the Spirit's confidence in God. The first section includes a "motto theme" transitioning into a "hectic" violin melody. The middle section is characterized by a "muscular" soprano line and "oddly bizarre" solo violin. The first section returns modified and unheralded.

The soprano recitative, like the bass, begins by recounting persecution, but quickly becomes an arioso with a walking continuo.

The final movement is a combined chorale and aria for all parts. The soprano reprises the opening chorale melody in duple rather than the original triple time, with a responding line in the bass voice. After two phrases, the ritornello plays alone for eight measures before both voices re-enter in counterpoint to complete the chorale.

The piece is scored for two vocal soloists (soprano and bass), two oboes, taille, two violins, viola, and basso continuo and there are no choral interventions.

Source: Wikipedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ach_Gott,_wie_manches_He rzeleid,_BWV_58).

I created this arrangement of the Opening Duetto Aria: "Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid" (Oh God, how much heartache) for Oboe and Strings (2 Violins, Viola & Cello).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Ach Gott, wie manches Herzeleid (5 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2015-08-10


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Viola Arrangements

Viola Arrangements
Sheet music list :
› "Joy to the World" for String Quartet
› 'Élégie' for Viola & Harp - Viola and Harp
› "3 Chants Sacrés" for Viola & Piano
› "Ach bleib bei uns, Herr Jesu Christ" for Viola
› "Albinoni's Adagio" for Viola & Harp - Viola and Harp
› "All They That See Him Laugh Him to Scorn" for Horn & Strings
› "All Through the Night" for Violin, Viola & Harp
› "Allemanda" from the Partita for Violin No. 2 for Viola - Viola
› "Alma Redemptoris Mater" for String Quartet
› "Am Tage Aller Seelen" for Viola & Harp