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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Aria: "O heilges Geist- und Wasserbad" for Oboe & Strings

Aria: "O heilges Geist- und Wasserbad" for Oboe & Strings
BWV 165 No 1
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Oboe, String orchestra

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
O heilges Geist- und Wasserbad (O bath of Holy Spirit and of water), BWV 165, is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. On 2 March 1714 Bach was appointed concertmaster of the Weimar court capelle of the co-reigning dukes Wilhelm Ernst and Ernst August of Saxe-Weimar. As concertmaster, he assumed the principal responsibility for composing new works, specifically cantatas for the Schlosskirche (court church), on a monthly schedule. He composed this cantata for Trinity Sunday. The prescribed readings for the Sunday were from the Epistle to the Romans, reflecting "depth of wisdom" (Romans 11:33--36), and from the Gospel of John, the meeting of Jesus and Nicodemus (John 3:1--15).

The cantata text was written by court poet Salomon Franck and published in Evangelisches Andachts-Opffer in 1715. The poet follows the gospel closely. The opening refers to Jesus saying "Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God". The text reflects in a recitative as movement 2 upon birth in the Spirit as baptism through God's grace: "Er wird im Geist und Wasserbade ein Kind der Seligkeit und Gnade" (In the bath of spirit and water he becomes a child of blessedness and grace). Movement 3, an aria, considers that the bond has to be renewed throughout life, because it will be broken by man (movement 4). The last aria is a prayer for the insight that the death of Jesus brought salvation, termed "Todes Tod" (death's death). The cantata is concluded by the fifth stanza of Ludwig Heimbold's Nun lasst uns Gott dem Herren, mentioning scripture, baptism and the Eucharist.

Bach likely first performed the cantata on 16 June 1715 and performed it again in his first year in Leipzig, reviving it there on Trinity Sunday, 4 June 1724, with presumably minor changes. However it is only through a copy prepared by Bach's assistant Johann Christian Köpping for the latter performance that the work is known today.

In the first aria, the ritornello is a fugue, whereas in the five vocal sections the soprano and violin I are a duo in imitation on the same material. These sections are composed in symmetry, A B C B' A'. The theme of B is the reverse of that of A, that of C is derived from measure 2 of the ritornello. Alfred Dürr relates the form to the birth mentioned in the gospel. The first recitative is secco, but several phrases are close to an arioso. The second aria, accompanied by the continuo, is dominated by an expressive motif with several upward leaps of sixths, which is introduced in the ritornello and picked up by the voice in four sections. The second recitative is accompanied by the strings and intensifies the text by several melismas, "adagio" marking on the words "hochheiliges Gotteslamm" (most holy Lamb of God), and melodic parts of the instruments. The last aria, mentioning the snake, is described by Whittaker: "the whole of the obbligato for violins in unison is constructed out of the image of the bending, writhing, twisting reptile, usually a symbol of horror, but in Bach's musical speech a thing of pellucid beauty". The cantata is closed by a four-part setting of the chorale.

Although originally scored like chamber music for four vocal soloists (soprano, alto, tenor and bass), a four-part choir in the closing chorale, bassoon, two violins, viola, and basso continuo, I created this arrangement for Oboe, & Strings (2 Violins, Viola & Cello).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :O heilges Geist- und Wasserbad (4 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2014-08-11


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Woodwind
bois
Woodwind Arrangements
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