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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Chorale: "Wer weiß, wie nahe mir mein Ende" for String Quartet

Chorale: "Wer weiß, wie nahe mir mein Ende" for String Quartet
BWV 166 No 6
Johann Sebastian Bach



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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

String Quartet

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
Wo gehest du hin? (Where do you go?) or (Where are you heading?), BWV 166, is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed it in Leipzig for Cantate, the fourth Sunday after Easter, and first performed it on 7 May 1724.

Bach composed the cantata in his first year in Leipzig for the fourth Sunday after Easter, called Cantate. The prescribed readings for the Sunday were from the Epistle of James, "Every good gift comes from the Father of lights" (James 1:17--21), and from the Gospel of John, Jesus announcing the Comforter in his Farewell Discourse (John 16:5--15). The unknown poet took the question as a quotation from the gospel to begin the cantata. The theme of the cantata is then the answer to the question in what direction life should go. The poet inserted as movement 3 the third stanza of Bartholomäus Ringwaldt's chorale "Herr Jesu Christ, ich weiß gar wohl" (1582) and as the closing chorale the first stanza of Ämilie Juliane von Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt's "Wer weiß, wie nahe mir mein Ende" (1688).

Bach gave the first movement, the quotation from the gospel, to the bass as the vox Christi. The question "Where do you go?", which in the gospel is asked by Jesus (John 16:5: "but now I am going to him who sent me. None of you asks me, 'Where are you going?'"), is thus turned to a more general question which Jesus asks the listener. This simple question is one of the shortest lyrics for a movement in a Bach cantata. The tenor aria was first published completely in the Neue Bach-Ausgabe. The soprano sings the cantus firmus of movement 3 on the melody of "Herr Jesu Christ, du höchstes Gut" completely unadorned and is accompanied by the violins and viola in unison, "of great vigour and determination, urged on by steady continuo quavers". The last aria, in great contrast, illustrates mostly the word "lacht" (laughs), although the text warns that a fall may come "wenn das Glück lacht" (when fortune winks). The laughter is pictured in "the various oscillating semi-quaver figures in the strings" and in melismas on the word "lacht". The final chorale on the melody of "Wer nur den lieben Gott läßt walten" is set for four parts.

Although this Cantata was originally scored for four vocal soloists (soprano, alto, tenor and bass), a four-part choir only for the closing chorale, oboe, two violins, viola and basso continuo, I created this arrangement for String Quartet (2 Violins, Viola & Cello).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Wo gehest du hin? (7 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2014-08-08


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Viola Arrangements

Viola Arrangements
Sheet music list :
› "Joy to the World" for String Quartet
› 'Élégie' for Viola & Harp - Viola and Harp
› "3 Chants Sacrés" for Viola & Piano
› "Ach bleib bei uns, Herr Jesu Christ" for Viola
› "Albinoni's Adagio" for Viola & Harp - Viola and Harp
› "All They That See Him Laugh Him to Scorn" for Horn & Strings
› "All Through the Night" for Violin, Viola & Harp
› "Allemanda" from the Partita for Violin No. 2 for Viola - Viola
› "Alma Redemptoris Mater" for String Quartet
› "Am Tage Aller Seelen" for Viola & Harp