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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
6590 sheet music
7220 MP3
1143 MIDI



Arrangers : › Bach, Johann Sebastian Original (24)
› Best, William Thomas (1)
› Brigham, James (2)
› Coulomb, Laurent (1)
› David, Ferdinand (1)
› Düzgören, Mustafa Kemal (1)
› DESGRANGE, jean-Marie (1)

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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Prelude from the Cello Suite in E-Flat Major for Viola

Prelude from the Cello Suite in E-Flat Major for Viola
BWV 1010 No. 4
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Viola

  8 other versions
Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Key :E♭ major
Copyright :Public Domain
It is thought that Bach wrote his six suites for unaccompanied cello between 1717 and 1723, while he was in the employ of Prince Leopold of Anhalt-Cöthen and had two superb solo cellists, Bernard Christian Linigke and Christian Ferdinand Abel, at his disposal. However, the earliest copy of the suites dates from 1726, and no autographs survive. Thus a chronological order is difficult to prove, though one guesses that these suites were composed in numerical order from the way that they gradually evolve and deepen, both technically and musically.

A Baroque suite is typically a collection of dance movements, usually in binary form with each half repeated. Common elements of the suite were the Allemande (German dance), a moderately slow duple-meter dance; the Courante, a faster dance in triple meter; the Sarabande, a Spanish-derived dance in a slow triple meter with emphasis on the second beat; and a Gigue (Jig), which is rapid, jaunty, and energetic. Bach took these typical dance forms and abstracted them, and then added a free-form, almost improvisatory Prelude which sets the tone for each suite, and a galanterie, an additional dance interposed between Sarabande and Gigue. (In the first two suites, Bach uses a pair of Minuets.) With these dances, Bach experimented and created the first, and arguably still the finest, solo works for a relatively new instrument.

The six Bach suites for solo cello may be arranged according to their modern, galant dance movements into three pairs (Nos. 1 and 2 use Minuets, Nos. 3 and 4 Bourrées, and Nos. 5 and 6 Gavottes). They also form two sequences of three in terms of key and mood (major-minor-major), and the Suite in E flat major opens the second group of three. This second group goes beyond the first group of three in its contrapuntal density and in its sense of untrammeled imagination. So we encounter in the opening movement the use of a repetitive arpeggio to build complex phrases, as in the first suite. But here the sense of improvisatory fantasy is stronger: the arpeggio descends in a gradual figure and varies negligibly as it explores a range of keys. Bach alternates this descending arpeggio pattern with three wave-like cadenzas that rise and fall in a faster rhythm and gradually begin to sound more and more like the arpeggio figures, until both emerge in a triumphant E flat major. The broken-up texture and the structural ambition remind one of Bach's large, quasi-improvisatory organ pieces.

Although this piece was originally written for cello, I transcribed it for Viola.
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :6 Suites pour violoncelle (138 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2014-06-01


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Mike Magatagan's Arrangements
Arrangements musicaux de Mike Magatagan
Musical Arrangements of Mike Magatagan
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