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Bach, Johann Sebastian Johann Sebastian Bach
Germany Germany
(1685 - 1750)
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Bach, Johann Sebastian: Aria: "Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe" for Brass Quartet

Aria: "Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe" for Brass Quartet
BWV 185 No 1
Johann Sebastian Bach




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Composer :Johann Sebastian BachBach, Johann Sebastian (1685 - 1750)
Instrumentation :

Brass Quartet

Style :

Baroque

Arranger :
Publisher :
Johann Sebastian BachMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Copyright :Public Domain
Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe (Merciful heart of eternal love), BWV 185, is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed it in Weimar for the fourth Sunday after Trinity and first performed it on 14 July 1715.

On 2 March 1714 Bach was appointed concertmaster of the Weimar court capelle of the co-reigning dukes Wilhelm Ernst and Ernst August of Saxe-Weimar. As concertmaster, he assumed the principal responsibility for composing new works, specifically cantatas for the Schloßkirche (palace church), on a monthly schedule. He wrote this cantata for the Fourth Sunday after Trinity and first performed it on 14 July 1715. He dated this cantata himself "1715".

The prescribed readings for the Sunday were from the Epistle to the Romans, "For the earnest expectation of the creature waiteth for the manifestation of the sons of God" (Romans 8:18--23), and from the Sermon on the Mount in the Gospel of Luke: the admonition to "be merciful", "judge not" (Luke 6:36--42). The cantata text was written by the court poet Salomon Franck for the occasion and published in 1715 in Evangelisches Andachts-Opffer. Franck stays close to the Gospel, recalling the admonitions and the images of the "mote that is in thy brother's eye" and the blind man who wants to lead the blind. The last aria summarizes the admonitions as "Das ist der Christen Kunst" (This is the Christians' art). The cantata is closed by the first stanza of Johann Agricola's chorale Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesus Christ (c. 1530).

When Bach performed the cantata again in Leipzig on 20 June 1723, he transposed it from F sharp minor to G minor. In that service, his fourth in Leipzig, he performed it together with a new cantata Ein ungefärbt Gemüte, BWV 24, after he had started his tenure as cantor with cantatas in two parts, Die Elenden sollen essen, BWV 75, and Die Himmel erzählen die Ehre Gottes, BWV 76. He treated the same chorale in the chorale cantata Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ, BWV 177, for the same occasion in 1724.

The opening duet is in two ways connected to the chorale which closes the work. The melody is played line by line as a cantus firmus by the oboe, embellished and in a dancing 6/4 time instead of 4/4. The first interval in the voices and the continuo is the same as in the chorale. The countersubject is the "Spiegelung" of the theme, it mirrors the theme, as human mercy should mirror divine mercy.

The alto recitative is first accompanied by the strings, but ends as an arioso with continuo. The alto aria shows the richest instrumentation, with figurative oboe solos. The text of the bass aria with continuo summarizes all admonitions in one long sentence, but Bach splits it in parts, all introduced by the keywords "Das ist der Christen Kunst". The bass as the vox Christi delivers the "sermon". In Leipzig, the continuo of cello and bass in octaves was doubled by the strings, another octave higher. The closing chorale is illuminated by a soaring violin as a fifth part.

Although originally scored for a small ensemble, (soprano, alto, tenor, and bass, oboe, two violins, viola and continuo) I created this arrangement for Brass Quartet (2 Bb Trumpets, French Horn & F Tuba).
Source / Web :MuseScore
Sheet central :Barmherziges Herze der ewigen Liebe (5 sheet music)
Added by magataganm the 2014-04-16


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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Mike Magatagan's Arrangements
Arrangements musicaux de Mike Magatagan
Musical Arrangements of Mike Magatagan
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