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Müller, Iwan Iwan Müller
Estonia Estonia
(1786 - 1854)
8 sheet music
4 MP3

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Müller, Iwan: "Symphonie Concertante" for Flute & Harp

"Symphonie Concertante" for Flute & Harp
Opus 23
Iwan Müller

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ListenDownload MP3 : Principal audio (12.36 Mo)71x 514x ViewDownload PDF : "Symphonie Concertante" (Opus 23) for Flute & Harp (13 pages - 371.55 Ko)162x

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ViewDownload PDF : Flute Part (192.49 Ko)
ViewDownload PDF : Harp Part (231.39 Ko)
Symphonie Concertante for Flute & Harp
Download MP3 (9.41 Mo) : (by Magatagan, Michael)254x 80x
Symphonie Concertante for Flute & Harp
Download MP3 (9.42 Mo) : (by Magatagan, Michael)54x 77x
Symphonie Concertante for Flute & Harp
Download MP3 (10.57 Mo) : interpretation (by Leonard Anderson)197x 50x

Composer :Iwan MüllerMüller, Iwan (1786 - 1854)
Instrumentation :

Flute and Harp

Style :


Arranger :
Publisher :
Iwan MüllerMagatagan, Mike (1960 - )
Date :1826?
Copyright :Public Domain
Ivan Müller, sometimes spelled Iwan Mueller (1786 –1854), was a clarinetist, composer and inventor who at the beginning of the 19th century was responsible for a major step forward in the development of the clarinet, the air-tight pad.

Müller was born in Reval (present-day Tallinn), at that time a city with a strong Baltic German community in the Governorate of Estonia, part of the Russian Empire. He became a chamber musician in Saint Petersburg before he was twenty. At the same time, he was constantly striving to improve the clarinet, with new types of keywork. At the time, the standard clarinet used flat brass plates covered in soft leather to cover the toneholes. Since these leaked air, the number of them had to be kept to a minimum, which meant that notes outside of the main scale of the clarinet (accidentals) had to be obtained by complicated fingerings which were difficult to play quickly and rarely were in tune. Clarinets would have five or six keys, the bare minimum to obtain an acceptable chromatic scale.

Müller's solution was the stuffed pad, originally made of kid leather stuffed with felt. These pads would "bulge", such that in combination with countersunk tone holes, would close the keyholes sufficiently tight to permit the use of an increased number of keys making the "clarinette omnitonique" possible.

In addition to the fingering system and felt pads, Müller is also known as the invertor of metal ligature (that replaced twine, string and wire, widely used in the past and still used today in German-speaking regions), which are used today in almost all single-reeded woodwind instruments.

Müller went on to work in Dresden, Berlin and Leipzig, where he specialised in the basset-horn, a type of low-pitched clarinet.

In 1809, Müller performed to great acclaim on a clarinet made to his own specifications. Müller moved to Paris, got a wealthy patron in the form of (Mr.) Marie-Pierre Petit, and started mass-producing clarinets.

In 1812, Müller presented his new 13-key clarinet with air-tight pads to the Paris Conservatoire, but they weren't impressed. Nevertheless, Müller's new clarinet with fully chromatic range became popular and became the standard clarinet for much of the 19th century. It was further developed into the Öhler system, the prevalent system in Germany today. He was also, before the famous Hyacinthe Klosé, principal clarinet at the Théâtre Italien in Paris.

Although this work was originally written for Bb Clarinets (2) & Orchestra, I created this arrangement for Flute & Concert (Pedal) Harp.
Source / Web :Musescore
Added by magataganm the 2013-08-08

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This sheet music is part of the collection of magataganm :
Flute Arrangements
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